Publications
Bibliography of Richard Frye up to 1990
from
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1990
Bibliography Since 1990:


Note : Articles in Encyclopaedia Iranica and other general works have not been included in the list below.


1990

“The Hephthalite Coinage of Afghanistan,” Proceedings of the Xth International Numismatic Congress  
(London), 6 pp.

“ An Historical Problem in the Study of the Dialects of Fars,” Études Irano-Aryennes Offertes à Gilbert
Lazard, Studia Iranica, Cahier 7 (Paris, 1989), 109-112.

“A Persian MS on the Kafirs of Pakistan,” Iran Shenasi (Washington, D.C.), vol. II, no. 3, 61-4.



1991

“Pre-Islamic and Early Islamic Cultures in Central Asia,” in Turko-Persia in Historical Perspective,  ed. R. L.
Canfield, (Cambridge U. Press), 35-53.

“Les Sogdiens et les religions d’Asie Centrale,” Histoire et Cultes de l’Asie Centrale Préislamique, ed. P.
Bernard et F. Grenet, 163-7.

“Iranian and Other Nomads in Ancient Central Asia,” Pakistan Archaeology, v ol. 26, 136-144.

“Iranian Influences on India at the Time of the Kushans,” K. R. Cama Oriental Institute Jubilee Volume,
(Bombay), 86-99.

Review of P. Gignoux & R. Gyselen, Bulles et Sceaux sassanides de diverses collections, in Iranian Studies,
vol. XXII, no. 4, 104-6.

Review of D. Sinor, ed.,The Cambridge History of Inner Asia (Cambridge, 1990), in Afghanistan Forum,
(New York) ,vol. 19, no. 5, 30-1.



1992

“Manichaean Notes,” in Studia Manichaica, ed. G. Wiesner & H-J. Klimkeit (Harrasowitz, Wiesbaden), 93-7.

“Assyria and Syria: Synonyms,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 51 no. 4, 281-5.

“A Periodization of Iranian Cultures,” Proceedings of the 23d International Congress for Asian and “A
Periodization of Iranian Cultures,” Proceedings of the 23d International Congress for Asian and North
African Studies, Hamburg
(Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart), 404-6.

“Narshakhi’s The History of Bukhara,” in Central Asian Monuments, ed. H. Paksoy (The Isis Press,
Istanbul),65-73.

Review of Boyce, M., History of Zoroastrianism, vol. 3 in Bulletin of the Asia Institute, vol. 6.



1993

“Historical Interpretations in Middle Iranian,” in Orientalia Lovanensia Analecta, Medioiranica, ed. W.
Skalmowski and A. Van Tongerloo, 65-71.

“Sasanian-Central Asian Trade Relations,” Bulletin of the Asia Institute, vol. 7, 73-9.

“Iranian Identity in Ancient Times,” Iranian Studies, vol. 26, nos. 1-2, 143-6.

Review of  R. Gyselen, La Géographie administrative de l’empire sassanide (Paris) in JAOS, vol. 113, no.2,
287-8.

“The Fate of Zoroastrians in Eastern Iran,” Au Carrefour des Religions, Mélanges offerts à Philippe
Gignoux, Res Orientales, vol.VII (Paris) 67-72.

“Zarathustra,” in Die Stifter der grossen Religionen, ed. E. Brunner-Traut ( Herder Verlag, Freiburg), 50-62.



1994

“Historical and Religious Dimensions of the Iranian Revolution,”  Annemarie Schimmel Festschrift,Journal
of Turkish Studies, vol.18, 75-81.

“Huviyyat-e Irani dar dauran-e bastan,” Iran Nameh, vol. XII, no. 3,(Washington, D.C.), 431-7.

“ Narshakhi and Bukhara,” Vostochnie Zametki, ed. E. Rtveladze (Bukhara), 6 pp.

Review of The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 7, in Journal of Islamic Studies, vol. 5 no. 1 (Oxford), 123-
4.
Review of Bosworth, C., The History of the Saffarids of Sistan, Middle East Journal (Washington, D.C.), 2
pp.



1995

“Buddhism and Zoroastrianism in Central Asia, Journal of the K. R. Cama Oriental Institute, (Bombay), vol.
26, 6-14.

“Ancient Central Asian History Notes,” Proceedings of the Second European Congress of Iranian Studies,
(ISMEO, Rome), 185-90.

“Gavbandi Cave in Laristan and Indian Inscriptions,” Iranica Antiqua, vol. XXX, 207-16.

“Tajikistan: its Past in the Present,” Ex Oriente, Studies in Honour of J. Becka (Prague), 45-9.



1996

The Heritage of Central Asia, (Markus Wiener, Princeton), 242 pp.

Various chapters, written and edited: “nuclear regions,”pp.44-5.” art and architecture,” pp.89-92,”The
Arabian of Central Asia from about AD 300 to 700.” pp.466-9 in J. Hermann and E. Zürcher, eds. History
of Humanity, Peninsula before Islam,: pp.137-143, “Central Asia and The Nomads,” pp.439-65,”
“Nomadic and urban cultures of Central Asia from about AD 300 to 700.” pp.466-9 in J. Hermann and E.
Zürcher, eds. History of Humanity, vol. 3 (UNESCO, Routledge, London).

Review of Gyselen, R., Catalgoue des sceaux, camées et bulles Sassanides, (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris),
JAOS, 116, (2), 33-4.”Art and Religion in Central Asian History”, in La Persia e l”Asia Centrale, (Acad. Dei
Lincei, Rome), 199-204.



1997

Chapters on Iran and Central Asia in The History of Humanity, vol. 3, ed. J. Herrmann and E. Zürcher  
(UNESCO & Routledge, London).

“Zoroaster and the Horse”, in The Journal of the Research and Historical Preservation Committee, vol. 2,
ed. S.J.H. Manekshaw and P.R. Ichaporia (Womelsdorf, PA. 1997), 63-69.



1998

“Women in Ancient Central Asia,” in Feminea Medievalia V, Women in the Medieval Dar al-Islam , ed. G. R.
Hambly, (Academia Press), 10 pp.

“Early Bukhara,” in Cahiers d’Asie Centrale, 5-6 (Paris), pp.13-18.

Review of W. Vogelsang, The Rise & Organisation of the Achaemenid Empire, The Eastern Iranian
Evidence (Brill, Leiden ,1992), in Bulletin of the Asia Institute, vol.9, 2 pp.

Review of M. Zakeri, Sasanid Soldiers in Early Muslim Society,   (Harrasowitz, Wiesbaden, 1995), in
Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 5 pp.



1999

“How Ancient is Bukhara?” in Bukhara, The Myth and the Architecture, ed. Attilio Petruccioli, MIT abd
Harvard, Cambridge, MA), pp. 15-19.
“Persis/Fars from Alexander to the Sasanians”, in The Iranian World, Studies in Honor of Ezzat O.
Negahban , ed. Abbas Alizadeh, et al, ( Tehran), pp.194-200.

“Parthian and Sasanian History of Iran,” in Mesopotamia and Iran in the Parthian and Sasanian Periods, ed.
John Curtis, (British Museum, London).

“Zoroastrians in the Early Islamic Period,” trans. From German in  Der Islam , in Journal of the K.R. Cama
Oriental Institute no. 63, (Mumbai), pp.94-97.



2000

“Arabic, Persian and Turkish historiography in Central Asia,” in History of Civilizations of Central Asia, vol.
IV, part 2, ed. C. E. Bosworth,  UNESCO, Paris, pp.152-6.

Tajik and Russian translations of THE HERITAGE OF CENTRAL ASIA
                                                                                        
Four articles in the Encyclopedia of the Ancient World, Salem Press, Pasadena , Ca., Bactria, Arsacid
Dynasty, Darius the Great, Narses (Narseh).
                                                                                          
Review of Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse, ed. J. Wieshöfer, Stuttgart:Steiner Verlag, 570S. In
Orientalische Literaturzeitung, vol. 95(2000), pp.478-
482.                                                                                                                           



2001

“Bukhara Finale,” in Studies on Central Asian History in honor of Yuri Bregel , Bloomington ,IN,pp. 21-25.

“Ancient Central Asian Generalities.” in Drevnie Tsivilizatsii Evrazii, ed.,  A.V.Sedov in Vostochnaya
Literatura, Moscow, 425-432.

“Legacies of the Achaemenids and Kushans in India,” in Journal of the K. R. Cama Oriental Institute
(Mumbai), pp.38-9.

Review of Ellinstichekii Khram Oksa v Baktrii, by B. A. Litvinskii & I. TR. Pichikyan, (Moscow, 2000), in
American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 105, p. 742.



2002

“Unfinished Projects in Ancient Iranian Studies,” in Iranica Antiqua, vol. 37, pp.105-112.

“L’énigme du 2 ième siècle chez les Parthes,”        in Dossiers d’Archeologie, no.271 , pp.16-7.

“A Note on the Ancient History of Bactria,” in La Bactriane au carrefour des routes et des civilisations de l’
Asie centrale, ed. P. Leriche, et al, Maisonneuve, Paris, pp.247-250.

“Zoroastrians in Central Asia before Islam.” in A Zoroastrian Tapestry, ed.  Ph. J. Godrej & F. P. Mistree,
Mapin Publ. Co., Ahmedababd, pp.82-9.

“Ethnic Identity in Iran,” in Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 26, pp. 78-83.

“The Merchant World of the Sogdans.” in Silk Road Studies VII, ed. A.L. Juliano and J. A. Lerner, Brepols,
Turnhout, Belgium, pp. 71-5.

“Ancient Silk Road Enigmas.” In UNESCO International symposium on the silk roads 2002, ed. I.
Hirayama, , Xian Jiao tong university, pp.11-113.

“Mapping Assyria,: in Ideologies as Intercultural Phenomena, Melammu Symposia III, ed. A. Pananino and
G. Pettinato, Universita di Bologna, Milan, pp.75-9.

Review of Khram Oksa, vol. 2 by B. A. Litvinskii, Moscow  2001 in American Journal of Archaeology, 10



2003

“Founder Myths in Iranian History,” in Name-ye Iran-e Bastan, vol. 2, no.1,Tehran, pp.19-21.

“Impressionistic Views of Ancient Iranian History”, in Orientalia Suecana, vol. 50-51, pp. 157-161.

“The Missing Achaemenids”, in Paitimäna, Festschrift for Hans-Peter Schmidt, Mazda Publishers, Costa
Mesa, CA, pp.350-5.

“Challenge and Logic in Ancient Iranian History,” Silk Road Studies VIII, Iranica Selecta, Brepols, Turnhout
Belgium, pp.67-72.

“Persia in the Mind of the West,” in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, vol. 14, no.4, pp403-406.

“Another Scenario for Behistun and the Magi”, in Atassh-e Dorun, J. S. Soroushian Memorial Volume, II,
1st Books Library, Bloomington, IN, pp. 171-5.

“L’Amérique toujours changeante: les universités”, Diogène, no. 203, 102-111.        



2004

“Darius the Liar and Shapur the Heritor.” in The Spirit of Wisdom, essays in Memory of Ahmad Tafazzoli, ,
ed. T. Daryaee & M. Omidsalar ,Mazda Publishers, Costa Mesa. CA, pp.77-83.

“Ethnicity in the Assyrian and Achaemenid Empires,”in CRRAI, (Leiden), vol.48, 3 pp.

“Kushan Dynasty expands into India,” Great Events from History: the Ancient
World, Salem Press, 3pp.

“Trade and Coinage on the Ancient ‘Silk Route’”, in  Commerce and Monetary Systems in the Ancient
World, Melammu Symposia V, ed R.Rollinger & C. Ulf, Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp.405-8.



2005

Greater Iran, a Twentieth Century Odyssey, Mazda Publications, Costa Mesa, CA, 368 pp.

Ibn Fadlan’s Voyage to Russia, Markus Wiener Publicatiosnss, 156 pp.


“Sasanian Clay Sealings from the Collection of ‘Abbas Mazda,” A Survey of Persian Art, vol. 17, ed. A.
Daneshvari, Mazda Publications, Costa Mesa, CA., 73-78.

“Parthians in the East,”” in Parthica, Pisa-Roma, vol.6, pp.129-132.

“Truth and Lies in Ancient Iranian History, Melammu Symposia V, ed. A. Panaino and A. Piras, Milano,  
Pp. 129-132.

“The Sasanians” in Cambridge Ancient History, vol. XII, The Crisiis of  Empiire AD 193—337, 461-480.

“Aleksander Markovich Belenitsky and Al-Biruni,” in Tsentralnaya Aziya ot Akhemenidov do Timuridov, ed.
V. P. Nikonorov, St. Petersburg , 41-2.

“Ethnic and Religious Identities in Cental Asia, “ in Bulletin  of the International Institute for Central Asian
Studies, vol.1, Samarkand, 1-3.

consulting editor, Great Events from History, the Middle Ages, ed. B .A.Pavlac, Salem Press,
Pasadena.                 



2006

“Archaeology and N umismatics in Recovering the Past,” in Tsentralnaya Aziya, instochniki, Istoriya,
Kultury, Davicovich I Litvinsky festscrift, Moscow, 717-721,

“Bukhara and Zandanichi.” In Cenral Aßian Textiles and ther Contaxts in the Early Middle Ages, Abbeg
Stiftung, Bern, 75-80.

“The Aramaic Alphabet in the East”, Journal of Inner Asia Art and Archaeology,    Brepols, Turnhout,
Belgium, 1, 57-60.
press                                 



2007

Al-Narshki’s the History of Bukhara (rebised and simplified), Markus wiener, Princeron,171 pp.

Persian edition of the Heritage of Central Asia.

“Classics in the Iranian World,” in Mahyar Nawabi Memorial volume, Tehran, 2007 ,7 pp.


Bukhara

Omitted in bibliography in Bulletin of the Asia Institute , vol. 4 (1990)

“Zarathustra,” in Exempla historica, Epochen der Weltgeschichte in Biographien, 2, Religionstifter und
Propheten, in (Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt a/M, 1985), 31-45.
Eternity of Iran